Article : A Study On Marketable Surplus And Price Spread Of Tomato Crop Under Protected Cultivation In Himachal Pradesh: A Case Study Of Hamirpur District

Title

A Study On Marketable Surplus And Price Spread Of Tomato Crop Under Protected Cultivation In Himachal Pradesh: A Case Study Of Hamirpur District

Author

Dr. Anjna Kumari, K. C. Sharma

The\r\npresent study has been conducted in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh based\r\non the primary data collected from 150 polyhouse farmers to access production,\r\nmarket arrival, cost, price spread and efficiency of tomato. The polyhouse were\r\nclassified into three category, i.e. small (i.e.40 m2), medium (i.e.250 m2) and\r\nlarge (i.e.500 m2). Further each size of polyhouse has been divided into three\r\ncrops, i.e. tomato, capsicum and cucumber. Tomato grown under14 m2, 71.43 m2\r\nand 153.33 m2 under the small, medium and large of polyhouses respectively. The\r\nmarketable surplus was 5.57 quintals (i.e.97.55 per cent) after retaining 0.14\r\nquintal (i.e.4.65 per cent) for family consumption. Marketed surplus was 5.45\r\nquintal (i.e.95.45 per cent). Losses due to mishandling, breakage and spoilage\r\nwere 2.10 percent. The most effective marketing channel for tomato was channel\r\nIV (i.e.191.60per cent) followed by channel III (i.e.9.07 per cent), channel II\r\n(i.e.4.30 per cent) and channel I (i.e.3.39 per cent). In channel IV, producers\r\nincurred all the expenses went through streets as vendors and sold the fresh\r\ntomato directly to the consumers. High marketing cost of local traders are\r\ntheir expenditure on transport, packing, labour, loading, unloading and other\r\nmiscellaneous cost. The producers share in consumers’ rupee was the highest in\r\nchannel IV (i.e.99.48 per cent) and the lowest was in channel I (i.e.77.26 per\r\ncent). Producers share is directly related to the number of market intermediaries\r\ninvolved in the marketing of tomato. The percentage share of gross marketing\r\nmargin in consumer’s rupee was, i.e. 11.95, 12.45, 5.10 and 0.00 per cent\r\nrespectively in channel I, II, III and IV. \r\n\r\n

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